What to do if you see a coyote while hiking? 

Coyotes are becoming increasingly common in humane society and urban areas, so it’s important to know how to safely deal with an encounter.

If you see a coyote while hiking, the best thing to do is stay calm and make yourself look as big as possible.

You can also try making loud noises or throwing rocks at the animal. If the coyote approaches, back away slowly and don’t turn your back on it.

What Is A Coyote?

What Is A Coyote?

Coyotes are small-to-medium-sized canids that are native to North and Central America.

They look similar to medium-sized dogs but have longer legs and narrower snouts. Coyotes typically weigh between 20 and 50 pounds but can grow larger. A coyote is a wild animal that is likely to be present in bear country and coyote country.

Coyotes are also among the nocturnal animals.

What Do Coyotes Eat?

Coyotes are opportunistic feeders and will eat just about anything. In rural areas, their diet consists primarily of small mammals such as rabbits and rodents. They will also eat birds, reptiles, fish, and insects.

In urban and suburban areas, coyotes are more likely to eat human food waste, pet food, and even garbage. It can lead to problems because it makes them less afraid of humans and more likely to approach people.

What Are the Dangers of Coyote Encounters?

You might be wondering will a coyote attack? While coyotes are generally shy around humans, they can become aggressive if they feel threatened or cornered.

If a coyote does attack, it is usually in self-defense or out of fear. Coyotes have been known to attack people, but these incidents are rare.

Coyote attacks on humans are most likely to occur in the spring and summer months when the animals are more active and their food sources are scarce.

These encounters are also more likely to happen in areas where coyotes and humans interact regularly, such as parks or hiking trails.

Also Read: How to Avoid Snakes While Hiking – 10 Effective Tips

What To Do If You See A Coyote While Hiking?

What To Do If You See A Coyote While Hiking?

Remember that coyotes are predators and can be dangerous if they feel threatened. Do not run away from them – this may trigger their hunting instincts.

The following are some tips to avoid or survive a coyote attack while hiking:

Avoid them As Much As Possible

Coyotes are more likely to be active at dawn and dusk, so avoid hiking during these times if possible.

You should also avoid areas where you know coyotes live or areas where there has been a recent sighting.

If you see a coyote while hiking, try to scare it away by making loud noises or throwing rocks in its direction. Do not turn your back on the animal and do not run away.

Make Yourself Big And Loud

If you find yourself face-to-face with a coyote, it’s important to remain calm and take steps to intimidate the animal.

First, make yourself as big and loud as possible. Wave your arms and shout at the coyote.

Try to maintain eye contact and stand up tall. Next, throw something in the direction of the coyote – a rock or stick will do. 

Don’t Panic

It’s important not to panic if you see a coyote while hiking. Running away will only trigger the animal’s hunting instincts and make the situation worse.

If you must run, do so in a zig-zag pattern. This will make it more difficult for the coyote to chase you down.

Carry A Stick

Coyotes are typically shy around humans, but they may become aggressive if they feel threatened or are defending their territory.

If you find yourself being attacked by a coyote, one way to defend yourself is to use a hiking stick. The stick can be used to hit the coyote on the nose or head, causing pain and driving it away.

In addition, swinging the stick wildly will help to intimidate the coyote and make it more likely to back down.

So, if you’re planning on hitting the trails, be sure to bring along a trusty hiking stick just in case you encounter an angry coyote.

Use Pepper Spray

Carrying pepper spray is another good way to defend yourself against a coyote attack. The spray will irritate the animal’s eyes and nose, causing it pain and forcing it to flee.

If you do not have pepper spray, you can also use bear spray. This type of spray is designed to deter bears, but it will also work on coyotes.

Climb A Tree

If you find yourself being chased by a coyote, one way to escape is to climb a tree. Coyotes are less likely to attack if you’re up off the ground and out of their reach.

If there’s no tree available, try to find something else to climb onto – a fence, a shed, or even a car. The important thing is to get yourself out of the coyote’s territory.

Once you’re on higher ground, make yourself as big and intimidating as possible by waving your arms and shouting.

Fight Back

As the last option, you can try to fight back against a coyote. Use whatever you have at hand – rocks, sticks, or even your fists – to defend yourself. Try not to play dead because coyote attack is different from black bear attacks.

Remember that coyotes are wild animals and can be dangerous, so only fight back if you feel like you have no other choice.

Report to Authorities

If you see a coyote while hiking, it’s important to report the sighting to authorities such as the local wildlife center. This will help them keep track of the animal and take steps to ensure public safety.

You should also report any coyote attacks to the authorities. This information can be used to help prevent future attacks from happening.

Hiking is a great way to get outside and enjoy the fresh air, but it’s important to be aware of the dangers that come with venturing into nature.

By following the above-mentioned tips, you can avoid or survive coyote attacks or moose attacks while hiking.

Songs and Vocalizations to Know for Avoiding Coyote Encounters

Songs and Vocalizations to Know for Avoiding Coyote Encounters

Coyotes howl for a variety of reasons including to communicate with other coyotes, to attract mates, and to proclaim their territory.

If you hear a group of coyotes howling, it’s best to avoid the area as they may be calling others to come attack.

Coyotes will also make yips, barks, and growls when they’re feeling aggressive. If you hear any of these vocalizations, it’s best to back away slowly and avoid making eye contact.


What to do if a coyote chases you?

If a coyote chases you, try to scare it away by making loud noises or throwing rocks at it. However, if that doesn’t work, back away slowly while keeping an eye on the animal.

If the coyote follows you, run away and make as much noise as possible. And if the coyotes tend to attack, try to fight back with whatever you have.

Will coyotes attack humans in a tent?

Coyotes are not typically known to attack humans, but there have been documented cases of wild coyotes attacking people, especially when the person is sleeping.

The best way to protect yourself from a coyote attack is to make loud noises and attempt to scare the animal away. Carrying a firearm while camping may also help you defend yourself in the event of an attack.

How do you scare off coyotes?

There are a few things you can do to scare off coyotes, such as making loud noises or trying to intimidate them by acting aggressively.

You can also try using deterrents like motion-activated sprinklers, flashing lights, or scarecrows. And finally, if all else fails, you can always try to trap or kill them.

What to do if you see a coyote on a walk?

Coyotes are wild animals and should be treated as such. Do not approach or try to pet them. It could lead to injuries for you or the coyote.

Make loud noises, wave your arms and throw objects at the coyote to scare it away. Most wild animals run away in this way.

If you have a dog with you on your walk, keep it close by your side and be prepared to protect it if necessary. If the coyote doesn’t leave after a few attempts, contact animal control.

What are the odds of being attacked by a coyote?

The odds of being attacked by a coyote are low, but they can happen. Coyotes are opportunistic predators and will attack if they think they can get away with it.

Small animals are most often the victims of coyote attacks, so always keep your small dogs supervised and on a leash when outside.

As long as you take precautions to protect your small pets and yourself, the risk of an attack is minimal.


Whether you come across a coyote while hiking or camping, it is important to know what to do in order to stay safe.

If you see a coyote while hiking, make sure to keep your distance, prevent attractants, be noisy and assertive, and never run away. Moreover, never feed coyotes or do something to attract coyotes.

If you have any domestic dogs with you, try to maintain eye contact with your dogs to prevent them from being a victim to coyotes.

With these tips in mind, you can safely enjoy hiking without worry!